Cornerstone Report from Washington

Vol. 9, No. 7 – April 12, 2011

 

Congress Poised to Finish FY 2011 Appropriations – NIFA Results Largely Positive

 

Congress and the President have, as you are undoubtedly aware, reached final agreement on appropriations for federal departments, agencies, and programs for the remainder of FY 2011. The text of this agreement has been made public and we can now report the following results for the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA).

While the final results eliminate all earmarks, scale back NIFA’s “Integrated Activities” programs significantly, and cut the Smith-Lever 3(b)-(c) appropriation by approximately one percent, all other NIFA accounts remained at or above their FY 2010 levels (prior to the application of an across-the-board rescission of 0.2 percent).

    Table 1. NIFA – Final FY 2011 Appropriations Compared to FY 2010

(All $Millions)

   
 

FY 2010

FY 2011

Research and Education Activities

Enacted

Final CR*

Hatch Act

215.000

236.334

McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry

29.000

32.934

Evans-Allen Program (1890s Research)

48.500

50.898

Agriculture and Food Research Initiative

262.482

264.470

Improved Pest Control

16.185

16.153

Special Research Grants

89.029

2.838

Animal Health and Disease (Sec. 1433)

2.950

2.944

1994 Institutions Research Program

1.805

1.801

Joe Skeen Institute for Rangeland Restoration

0.983

0.981

Graduate Fellowship Grants

3.859

3.851

Institution Challenge Grants

5.654

5.643

Multicultural Scholars Program

1.241

1.239

Hispanic Education Partnership Grants

9.237

9.219

Secondary/2-year Post Secondary

0.983

0.981

Capacity Building Grants (1890 Institutions)

18.250

19.336

Payments to the 1994 Institutions

3.342

3.335

Native Alaska/Hawaiian-Serving Education Grants

3.200

3.194

Resident Instruction Grants for Insular Areas

0.900

0.898

Distance Education Grants for Insular Areas

0.750

0.749

Farm Business Management and Benchmarking

1.500

1.497

Sun Grant Program

2.250

2.246

New Era Rural Technology Program

0.875

0.873

Veterinary Medical Services Act

4.800

4.790

Federal Administration (Total)

45.122

11.230

Alternative Crops

0.835

0.833

Aquaculture Centers (Sec.1475)

3.928

3.920

Critical Agricultural Materials Act

1.083

1.081

Sustainable Agriculture Research & Ed. (SARE)

14.500

14.471

Subtotal

788.243

    698.740

     
 

FY 2010

FY 2011

Extension Activities

Enacted

Final CR*

Smith Lever Sections 3(b) and 3(c)

297.500

293.911

Smith Lever Section 3(d):

   

Farm Safety

4.863

4.853

Food and Nutrition Education (EFNEP)

68.070

67.934

Indian Reservation Agents

3.045

3.039

New Technologies for Ag Extension (eXtension)

1.750

1.747

Pest Management

9.938

9.918

Sustainable Agriculture

4.705

4.696

Youth at Risk

8.412

8.395

Youth Farm Safety Education and Certification

0.486

0.485

1890 Institutions and Tuskegee

42.677

42.592

1890 Facilities Grants (Sec. 1447)

19.770

19.730

Renewable Resources Extension Act

4.068

4.060

Rural Health and Safety Education

1.738

1.735

Extension Services at the 1994 Institutions

4.321

4.312

Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database

1.000

0.998

Grants to Youth Organizations

1.784

1.780

Women and Minorities in STEM fields

0.400

0.399

Federal Administration and Special Grants (total)

20.396

8.548

Subtotal

494.923

479.132

     
 

FY 2010

FY 2011

Integrated Activities

Enacted

Final CR*

Water Quality

12.649

8.982

Food Safety

14.596

10.978

Regional Pest Management Centers

4.096

2.994

Crops at Risk from FQPA Implementation

1.365

 

FQPA Risk Mitigation Prog. for Major Food Crops

4.388

 

Methyl Bromide Transition Program

3.054

1.996

Organic Transition Program

5.000

3.992

International Science and Education Grants Program

3.000

0.998

Critical Issues Program

0.732

 

Regional Rural Development Centers

1.312

0.998

Food and Agriculture Defense Initiative

9.830

5.988

Subtotal

60.022

36.926

     
 

FY 2010

FY 2011

Other NIFA Accounts

Enacted

Final CR

Tribal Colleges Endowment Fund

11.880

11.880

Interest (Estimated) on Tribal Colleges Endowment

3.700

3.700

     
 

FY 2010

FY 2011

NIFA (Agency Total)

Enacted

Final CR*

TOTAL

1,358.768

 1,230.378

     

*All FY 2011 amounts include an across-the-board rescission of 0.2%

                                                                                                                                                                  
     Table 2. Summary of key NIFA Program Changes FY 2010 to FY 2011

Research & Education Activities

FY 2010

FY 2011

Change

Special Research Grants

89.029

2.838

-86.191

Federal Administration Grants

45.122

11.230

-33.892

Agriculture & Food Research Initiative

262.482

264.470

1.988

Hatch Act

215.000

236.334

21.334

McIntire-Stennis Coop. Forestry

29.000

32.934

3.934

Evans-Allen (1890s Research)

48.500

50.898

2.398

1890s Capacity Building

18.250

19.336

1.086

Other Research Accounts

80.860

80.698

-0.162

Total

788.243

698.740

-89.503

       

Extension Activities

FY 2010

FY 2011

Change

Federal Administration Grants

20.396

8.548

-11.848

Smith-Lever 3(b)-3(c)

297.500

293.911

-3.589

Other Extension Accounts

177.027

176.673

-0.354

Total

494.923

479.132

-15.791

       

Integrated Activities

FY 2010

FY 2011

Change

Water Quality

12.649

8.982

-3.667

Food Safety

14.596

10.978

-3.618

Regional Pest Management Centers

4.096

2.994

-1.102

Crops at Risk from FQPA Imp.

1.365

0

-1.365

FQPA Risk Mitigation Program

4.388

0

-4.388

Methyl Bromide Transition Program

3.054

1.996

-1.058

Organic Transition Program

5.000

3.992

-1.008

International Science and Ed. Grants

3.000

0.998

-2.002

Critical Issues Program

0.732

0

-0.732

Regional Rural Development Centers

1.312

0.998

-0.314

Food and Ag. Defense Initiative

9.830

5.988

-3.842

Total

60.022

36.926

-23.096

 

Mandatory Program Funding

In addition, the final agreement does not limit funding for the four NIFA programs that receive mandatory funding (not subject to appropriations) under the 2008 Farm Bill:


   Table 3. NIFA Programs with Mandatory Funding ($Millions)

Program

FY 2010

FY 2011

Organic Research & Extension

20

20

Specialty Crops Research

50

50

Beginning Farmer & Rancher

19

19

Biomass R&D

28

30

Total

117

119


Next Steps

The legislation must now be approved by both the House of Representatives and the Senate before it can be presented to the President for his signature. While the House vote is expected to be close (many Republican members are concerned that the bill does not cut deep enough), most observers expect the resolution to be passed by both chambers and signed in to law this week.

With the FY 2011 appropriations process drawing to a close, our attention must turn to the FY 2012 NIFA appropriation where we are again likely to face significant challenges. But, as the FY 2011 final result shows, it is possible to defend and, in select instances, even grow the NIFA programs that support the land-grant system.

 

The Cornerstone Team