Cornerstone Report from Washington

Vol. 11, No. 2 – March 12, 2013

 

End-Game Nears on FY 2013 Agriculture Appropriations Bill

 

Yesterday, the Senate Appropriations Committee approved a substitute for H.R. 933, the House-passed legislation to provide continued funding for federal departments and agencies for the remainder of FY 2013. The Committee’s substitute bill includes separate divisions for five of the 12 regular appropriations bills, including Agriculture.

 

H.R. 933 now contains the FY 2013 Agriculture spending bill, which is based mostly on bipartisan and bicameral negotiations that took place last November and December when the prospects for enactment in 2012 were still viable.

 

The Committee had discretion to fund National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) accounts at levels different than in FY 2012. The Committee used this discretion to recommend detailed FY 2013 funding levels for NIFA accounts. However, two additional downward adjustments were made to all programs, projects, and activities: (1) the 5.1% across-the-board reduction that occurred when sequestration kicked in on March 1 was allowed to stand; and (2) a second 2.513% across-the-board cut was made.

 

The House followed a similar procedure, but used the FY 2012 enacted levels as their starting point. They then maintained the 5.1% sequestration and tacked on an additional 0.0098% across-the-board reduction. The following table displays the current position of both bodies. 

 

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

               

House and Senate FY 2013 Bills vs. FY 2012

                 

(All $Millions)

                 
             

House ∆

 

Senate ∆

Research and Education Activities

FY 2012

 

House

 

Senate

 

from FY 12

 

from FY 12

Hatch Act

236.334

 

224.061

 

218.342

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry

32.934

 

31.224

 

30.427

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Evans-Allen Program

50.898

 

48.255

 

47.023

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Agriculture and Food Research Initiative

264.470

 

250.736

 

276.980

 

-5.11%

 

4.73%

Improved Pest Control

15.830

 

15.008

 

14.625

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Special Research Grants

4.000

 

3.792

 

4.090

 

-5.11%

 

2.26%

Animal Health and Disease Research

4.000

 

3.792

 

3.695

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

1994 Institutions Research Program

1.801

 

1.708

 

1.664

 

-5.11%

 

-7.63%

Joe Skeen Institute for Rangeland Research

0.961

 

0.911

 

 

 

-5.11%

   

Multicultural Scholars, Graduate Fellowships, etc.

9.000

 

8.533

 

8.315

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Hispanic -Serving Institutions Education Grants

9.219

 

8.740

 

8.517

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Secondary and two-year Post Secondary Program

0.900

 

0.853

 

0.831

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Capacity Building for 1890 Institutions

19.336

 

18.332

 

17.864

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Payments to the 1994 Institutions

3.335

 

3.162

 

3.081

 

-5.11%

 

-7.62%

Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-Serving Institutions

3.194

 

3.028

 

2.951

 

-5.11%

 

-7.60%

Insular Areas Grants

1.650

 

1.564

 

1.524

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Farm Business Management and Benchmarking Program

1.450

 

1.375

 

1.340

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Sun Grant Program

2.200

 

2.086

 

2.325

 

-5.11%

 

5.68%

Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program

4.790

 

4.542

 

4.425

 

-5.11%

 

-7.62%

Federal Administration

10.500

 

9.955

 

13.336

 

-5.11%

 

27.01%

Supplemental and Alternative Crops

0.825

 

0.782

 

0.762

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Aquaculture Centers

3.920

 

3.717

 

3.700

 

-5.11%

 

-5.63%

Critical Agricultural Materials Act

1.081

 

1.025

 

0.999

 

-5.11%

 

-7.60%

Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education

14.471

 

13.720

 

13.369

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Capacity Building for Non Land-Grant Colleges

4.500

 

4.266

 

4.157

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Competitive Grants for Policy Research

4.000

 

3.792

 

 

 

-5.11%

 

 

Subtotal

705.599

 

668.958

 

684.343

 

-5.11%

 

-3.01%

                   
             

House ∆

 

Senate ∆

Extension Activities

FY 2012

 

House

 

Senate

 

from FY 12

 

from FY 12

Smith Lever Sections 3(b) and 3(c)

294.000

 

278.733

 

271.618

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Smith Lever Section 3(d):

   

 

 

 

       

Farm Safety & Youth Farm Safety Education

4.610

 

4.371

 

4.259

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Food and Nutrition Education (EFNEP)

67.934

 

64.406

 

62.762

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program

3.039

 

2.881

 

2.808

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

New Technologies for Ag Extension (eXtension)

1.550

 

1.470

 

1.432

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Pest Management

9.918

 

9.403

 

9.163

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Sustainable Agriculture Programs

4.696

 

4.452

 

4.339

 

-5.11%

 

-7.60%

Children, Youth and Families at Risk

7.600

 

7.205

 

7.021

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Cooperative Extension at 1890 Institutions

42.592

 

40.380

 

39.349

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Facility Improvements at 1890 Institutions

19.730

 

18.706

 

18.228

 

-5.11%

 

-7.62%

Renewable Resources Extension Act

3.700

 

3.508

 

3.418

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Rural Health and Safety Education

1.500

 

1.422

 

1.386

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Extension Services at 1994 Institutions

4.312

 

4.088

 

3.984

 

-5.11%

 

-7.62%

Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database

1.000

 

0.948

 

0.924

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Grants to Youth Organizations

0.750

 

0.711

 

0.672

 

-5.11%

 

-10.34%

Women and Minorities in STEM fields

0.400

 

0.379

 

0.370

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Federal Administration

7.852

 

7.444

 

7.929

 

-5.11%

 

0.98%

Subtotal

475.183

 

450.507

 

439.661

 

-5.11%

 

-7.48%

                   
             

House ∆

 

Senate ∆

Integrated Activities

FY 2012

 

House

 

Senate

 

from FY 12

 

from FY 12

Water Quality

4.500

 

4.266

 

4.157

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Regional Pest Management Centers

4.000

 

3.792

 

3.695

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Methyl Bromide Transition Program

1.996

 

1.892

 

1.844

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Organic Transition Program

4.000

 

3.792

 

3.695

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Regional Rural Development Centers

0.998

 

0.946

 

0.922

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Food and Agriculture Defense Initiative

5.988

 

5.677

 

5.532

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

Subtotal

21.482

 

20.366

 

19.847

 

-5.11%

 

-7.61%

                   
             

House ∆

 

Senate ∆

ALL ACCOUNTS

FY 2012

 

House

 

Senate

 

from FY 12

 

from FY 12

TOTAL

1,202.264

 

1,139.831

 

1,143.851

 

-5.11%

 

-4.86%

 

As you can see in this table, the House proposes to cut all NIFA programs equally (by 5.11%). The Senate Committee, on the other hand, would cut most NIFA programs by 7.61% while providing a net $12.8 million increase to the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) and smaller increases to four other NIFA accounts.

 

The additional 2.513% cut proposed in the Senate Committee’s bill was utilized to reduce the impact of sequestration on certain programs outside NIFA (and the Research, Education, and Economics Mission Area), most notably the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

 

Next Steps

As this is written, the Senate is debating H.R. 933 and the possibility exists for amendments to be adopted which contain additional across the board cuts. For this reason and because we have used tentative methods based on the best available information to calculate the numbers displayed above, you should treat these results as provisional.

 

The House and Senate bills differ in many respects and it is likely that a joint House-Senate conference committee will be impaneled to reconcile the two versions of the legislation.

 

Unfortunately, NIFA programs – like most defense and non-defense spending – have fallen victim to the current efforts to bring federal revenues and spending into closer balance. We are watching this process minute-by-minute and we will notify you immediately if there is any opportunity whatsoever to influence the final outcome.

 

The Cornerstone Team